John 2:1-12 ESV
1 On the third day there was a wedding at Cana in Galilee, and the mother of Jesus was there. 2 Jesus also was invited to the wedding with his disciples. 3 When the wine ran out, the mother of Jesus said to him, “They have no wine.” 4 And Jesus said to her, “Woman, what does this have to do with me? My hour has not yet come.” 5 His mother said to the servants, “Do whatever he tells you.” 6 Now there were six stone water jars there for the Jewish rites of purification, each holding twenty or thirty gallons. 7 Jesus said to the servants, “Fill the jars with water.” And they filled them up to the brim. 8 And he said to them, “Now draw some out and take it to the master of the feast.” So they took it. 9 When the master of the feast tasted the water now become wine, and did not know where it came from (though the servants who had drawn the water knew), the master of the feast called the bridegroom 10 and said to him, “Everyone serves the good wine first, and when people have drunk freely, then the poor wine. But you have kept the good wine until now.” 11 This, the first of his signs, Jesus did at Cana in Galilee, and manifested his glory. And his disciples believed in him. 12 After this he went down to Capernaum, with his mother and his brothers and his disciples, and they stayed there for a few days.
I.TWO TEXTUAL ISSUES
A.John records 7 signs of Jesus with the hope that these signs will lead us to believe in Jesus and find eternal life.
B.Jesus turned water unto WINE regardless of how that might feel to our westernized hearts.
II.A LACK OF WINE AT A WEDDING AND IN ISRAEL
A.Jesus and the disciples are at a wedding and week-long reception that was the social event of the season.
B.The hosts run out of wine, which was considered a breach of verbal contract in Jesus’ day.
C.They have run out of wine is an allegorical statement about the spiritual state of the Jews.
D.Jesus’ divinity was to serve His Father’s eternal purposes not Mary, His mother’s earthly purposes.
III.CHAMPAGNE FROM A FOOT BATH
A.Jesus fills jars no one would have expected with new wine.
B.Jesus filled these jars with good things to a point of overflowing abundance.
C.All that Jesus does is to bring Him glory and us to belief in Him.