Matthew 12:1-14 (ESV)
I. THE JEWS AND REST
A. To a Jew, the invitation to rest would have immediately had the think of the 4th Commandment to observe a weekly Sabbath.
B. God ordered the Sabbath for Jews to remember He was the Creator, so the Jews would be forced to reply upon Him, and for their good, because the body needs rest.
II. COLLIDING WITH ORAL TRADITION
A. The disciples eat a snack out of a field on the Sabbath and are accused of reaping on the Sabbath.
B. The response of Jesus:
1. They did not violate Law of God but the oral tradition and dis not harvest crops but simply ate a snack.
2. David ate illegal bread and priests work on the Sabbath and God calls them guiltless because the spirit of the Law not violated.
3. Concern that Temple be honored needed to become humble submission to Jesus. He was greater than the Temple Laws.
4. God never wanted rigid outward obedience but rather to set people free to love Him and others.
5. Jesus did not have to follow their rules for humanity regarding the Sabbath because He is God.
C. Traditions are fine but if they keep people from surviving, serving God, and extending mercy to others, we need to get new traditions.
III. DEFENDING DOING GOOD
A. Man with a shriveled hand used as bait to try and discredit Jesus as a heretic and against the customs of His people.
B. Jesus uses a genius apologetic. If helping a defenseless animal on the Sabbath is ok, then helping a person in need is ok, since humans are more valuable than animals.
C. The Pharisees are no longer content to try and discredit Jesus but are now determined to destroy Him.