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1 When the people saw that Moses delayed to come down from the mountain, the people gathered themselves together to Aaron and said to him, “Up, make us gods who shall go before us. As for this Moses, the man who brought us up out of the land of Egypt, we do not know what has become of him.” 2 So Aaron said to them, “Take off the rings of gold that are in the ears of your wives, your sons, and your daughters, and bring them to me.” 3 So all the people took off the rings of gold that were in their ears and brought them to Aaron. 4 And he received the gold from their hand and fashioned it with a graving tool and made a golden calf. And they said, “These are your gods, O Israel, who brought you up out of the land of Egypt!” 5 When Aaron saw this, he built an altar before it. And Aaron made a proclamation and said, “Tomorrow shall be a feast to the Lord.” 6 And they rose up early the next day and offered burnt offerings and brought peace offerings. And the people sat down to eat and drink and rose up to play. 7 And the Lord said to Moses, “Go down, for your people, whom you brought up out of the land of Egypt, have corrupted themselves. 8 They have turned aside quickly out of the way that I commanded them. They have made for themselves a golden calf and have worshiped it and sacrificed to it and said, ‘These are your gods, O Israel, who brought you up out of the land of Egypt!'” 9 And the Lord said to Moses, “I have seen this people, and behold, it is a stiff-necked people. 10 Now therefore let me alone, that my wrath may burn hot against them and I may consume them, in order that I may make a great nation of you.” 11 But Moses implored the Lord his God and said, “O Lord, why does your wrath burn hot against your people, whom you have brought out of the land of Egypt with great power and with a mighty hand? 12 Why should the Egyptians say, ‘With evil intent did he bring them out, to kill them in the mountains and to consume them from the face of the earth’? Turn from your burning anger and relent from this disaster against your people. 13 Remember Abraham, Isaac, and Israel, your servants, to whom you swore by your own self, and said to them, ‘I will multiply your offspring as the stars of heaven, and all this land that I have promised I will give to your offspring, and they shall inherit it forever.'” 14 And the Lord relented from the disaster that he had spoken of bringing on his people.
Exodus 32:1-14 ESV
I. The Severity, Shocking Suddenness, and Sham of Sin
A. Israel’s sin is severe, which is highlighted by the severity of God’s reaction to their sin.
B. Total depravity means sinners sinning is not a shock but sometimes the suddenness of sin can be a shock.
C. We are determined to live a sham and give credit to everyone and everything but God for the good in our life. (Romans 1:21-25, 1 Timothy 1:13-17)
II. The Stupidity of Being Short Sighted About Our Sin
A. We are morally bankrupt and therefore corrupt, just like Israel.
B. We are quick to swear off sin and then sprint to sin again anyway. (Isaiah 59:7, 12-13)
C. We are determined to deny that God’s providence is responsible for the good we have known in life.
III. Someone Superior & Sufficient to Step In Between
A. Not only do we read the Bible hypocritically when it comes to Israel, but we read it self-righteously when it comes to God.
B. Only Jesus Christ is sufficient to step in between us and God and see our sin set aside.
IV. Next Steps
The Golden Calf Part 3 Exodus 32